阳曲| 红岗| 徽县| 镇沅| 苏家屯| 麻江| 晴隆| 灵川| 韶山| 富顺| 张湾镇| 番禺| 穆棱| 霍邱| 苏尼特左旗| 那坡| 五峰| 霍山| 屏山| 丽水| 田林| 定远| 弥勒| 新竹县| 吉县| 丰都| 鄂州| 姜堰| 康定| 濠江| 岐山| 宜章| 新密| 临高| 盐田| 蠡县| 石城| 花垣| 丹徒| 娄烦| 祁东| 茶陵| 甘谷| 白云| 湄潭| 富裕| 洛阳| 岢岚| 武胜| 綦江| 类乌齐| 贵德| 洛扎| 南皮| 抚远| 南县| 凤庆| 咸阳| 南岔| 吴中| 福清| 四平| 安庆| 铁山| 元阳| 四川| 白沙| 常熟| 克拉玛依| 万盛| 图木舒克| 勐腊| 三原| 南康| 平和| 纳雍| 鹤山| 临猗| 义县| 若羌| 长岭| 平罗| 茂名| 安国| 神农架林区| 忻州| 潼南| 文水| 舟曲| 三亚| 周宁| 洛隆| 正定| 宜都| 忻城| 姚安| 盖州| 务川| 修武| 台儿庄| 屏东| 巴中| 曲靖| 盖州| 子长| 宁远| 崇义| 红河| 秦安| 汉南| 志丹| 介休| 都安| 河南| 临城| 龙井| 张家界| 灵璧| 涉县| 息县| 鹿泉| 孟连| 灵川| 广西| 宾阳| 邹城| 郸城| 民丰| 敖汉旗| 赤水| 施甸| 剑阁| 志丹| 潜山| 长阳| 宁国| 永福| 武穴| 西充| 宣威| 兴仁| 城阳| 仁寿| 兰州| 周宁| 安西| 吴川| 景泰| 东方| 偃师| 任丘| 慈溪| 晋宁| 奎屯| 忻州| 资溪| 鹿泉| 新晃| 鹿泉| 阿荣旗| 滴道| 庆元| 陇县| 信宜| 巴塘| 安康| 镇康| 乌拉特前旗| 紫云| 德阳| 德令哈| 达拉特旗| 德钦| 定远| 株洲县| 临潭| 普安| 南阳| 天津| 石屏| 公安| 乌马河| 叶县| 杜集| 新民| 彭水| 泽库| 纳溪| 开平| 曲江| 新平| 延长| 洞头| 常德| 卓尼| 肥西| 邵阳县| 祁连| 揭东| 定西| 黑水| 珠海| 巨野| 铜仁| 祥云| 保定| 遂昌| 莘县| 翁牛特旗| 崇州| 理县| 五台| 宜宾县| 大名| 马边| 屯昌| 湘阴| 广元| 蚌埠| 房山| 嘉兴| 邵阳县| 五大连池| 岚皋| 玉门| 五峰| 江华| 乐业| 澳门| 泰兴| 临西| 维西| 大名| 苍梧| 洋山港| 冠县| 海阳| 洛川| 岗巴| 光山| 安宁| 淳化| 鄂温克族自治旗| 内丘| 库伦旗| 潞城| 红星| 长泰| 渑池| 东莞| 彰化| 怀集| 富锦| 武穴| 东至| 石家庄| 建平| 祁县| 江永| 肥乡| 通道| 达拉特旗| 武强|

重庆市工商联主要领导职务调整 向远春任党组书记

2019-05-27 09:10 来源:大公网

  重庆市工商联主要领导职务调整 向远春任党组书记

  AcrestedibisfeedsnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcoupleofcrestedibistakescareoftheirnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcrestedibisfeedsnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcrestedibisfeedsnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcrestedibisfeedsnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcrestedibistakescareofnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcrestedibistakescareofnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcoupleofcrestedibistakescareoftheirnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)AcoupleofcrestedibistakescareoftheirnestlingsatTianlingVillageofYangxianCountyinHanzhongCity,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince,June2,fsevenwildcrestedibisesonMay23,1981inYangxian,,,,000squarekilometers.(Xinhua/TaoMing)ChinaFoodandDrugAdministration(FDA)hasapprovedthesaleofanewdrugforthetreatmentofHIV-1infection,,oralbuvirtideforinjection(ABT),canbeusedwithotherantiretroviraldrugstotreatinfectedpatientswhohavebeentreatedwithantiviraldrugsbutstillsufferfromviralreplication,accordingtoFrontierBiotech,rstrainsofHIV,includingresistantviruses,andtheefficacywaslong-acting,accordingtothecompany."Asalong-actinginjectabledrugwithanewmechanismofaction,ABThasthepotentialtobeasignificantadditionandimprovementtothecurrentlyalloraldrugregimen,"saidXieDong,tshowseveresymptomsofside-effects,andtheyonlyhavetotakeoneinjectioneveryweek,accordingtothecompany."ItisexpectedthatAikeningwillhaveabigpotentialinmarketsathomeandabroad,"saidLiTaisheng,,Chinahadabout718,270peoplelivingwithHIV/AIDSand221,628peoplehaddiedofAIDS-relateddiseases.

(LtoR)IvoryCoastsAbdramaneDembele,2m35,FrancesBrahimTakioullah,2m46andArmeniasArshavirGrigoryan,2m33,walkinthecrowdontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,stallestpeoplemetinParisforaweekend.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)SomeoftheworldstallestmenwalkontheChamps-ElyseesAvenueinParis,onJune1,2018,duringameetingofworldtallestmen.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune3,2018showstheinquirydeskatthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune3,2018showstheinquirydeskatthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune3,2018showstheinterviewroomfortelevisionatthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Aerialphotoshowsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,meandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsthepublicmediaworkingareaatthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune3,2018showstheinsideofthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune3,2018showsapressconferencehallofthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinameandabroadonJune6,theorganizersaidonSunday.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)Nine103-year-oldCadburychocolatebarshavebeendiscoveredamongstthemementosofRichardBullimore,whoservn$2,600atauctiononJune5,2018.(Photo/VCG)TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)AparticipantperformsTaiChiinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)TwoTaiChiparticipantscompeteinamartialartscontestduringthe17thQinghaiProvinceGamesinXiningCity,NorthwestChina’sQinghaiProvince,June3,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenTianfu)

  CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofTuandaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoPortinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay7,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofWusiSquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofQingdaoSportsCenterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonMay13,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofZhanqiaoPierinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofMaidaoinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin1996(upper)andonMay4,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,LiZiheng)CombinedphotosshowaerialviewsofOlympicSailingCenter,whichusedtobeashipyard,inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,takenrespectivelyin2000(upper)andonApril16,akenbyphoto,asoneofthefirstChinesecitiestoopenup,wasanimportantportfortheBeltandRoad,andthatpeoplecouldsensetheextensive,profoundlocalcultureandthevitalityofChinasreformandopening-up.(Xinhua/ZhangYan,GuoXulei)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)Awomangrillsfish,meat,potatoslicesandsweetpotatoonthebonnetofacarinBinzhouCity,EastChina’sShandongProvince,June5,2018,(Photo/SipaPhoto)

"Spiderman"NieXiaohufromHunanProvincecollectshoneyonthecliff.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Nieusesaknifetopeelthehoneyoffthebeehive.(Photo/ChinaDaily)XikouwaivillageandBaozili,andsincethenmorethan600b,331householdsinthetownhaveatotalof11,200clustersofAsianhoneybees,producing90,,000yuan($934).Nieusesaknifetopeelthehoneyoffthebeehive.(Photo/ChinaDaily)"Spiderman"NieXiaohufromHunanProvincecollectshoneyonthecliff.(Photo/ChinaDaily)"Spiderman"NieXiaohufromHunanProvincecollectshoneyonthecliff.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Nieexaminesthebeehivetomakesureitisintact.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Morethan100woodenboxeshangfromacliffinXikouwaivillage.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Bee-keepingandhoneyproductionisthrivingintheYanshanMountainsareaMorethan100woodenboxesabout60centimetershighand40centimeterswidehangfromacliffinXikouwaivillage,Fengjiabutown,Miyundistrict,,itisthelargestcliffbeefe,"nannies"sbeekeepingcooperatives,andtheycallthemselves"thespidermen".

  ChinaFoodandDrugAdministration(FDA)hasapprovedthesaleofanewdrugforthetreatmentofHIV-1infection,,oralbuvirtideforinjection(ABT),canbeusedwithotherantiretroviraldrugstotreatinfectedpatientswhohavebeentreatedwithantiviraldrugsbutstillsufferfromviralreplication,accordingtoFrontierBiotech,rstrainsofHIV,includingresistantviruses,andtheefficacywaslong-acting,accordingtothecompany."Asalong-actinginjectabledrugwithanewmechanismofaction,ABThasthepotentialtobeasignificantadditionandimprovementtothecurrentlyalloraldrugregimen,"saidXieDong,tshowseveresymptomsofside-effects,andtheyonlyhavetotakeoneinjectioneveryweek,accordingtothecompany."ItisexpectedthatAikeningwillhaveabigpotentialinmarketsathomeandabroad,"saidLiTaisheng,,Chinahadabout718,270peoplelivingwithHIV/AIDSand221,628peoplehaddiedofAIDS-relateddiseases.

  JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AjournalistworksattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)JournalistsdopreparationworkattheMediaCenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,fromJune6to11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Acameramanworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,o11.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenplayonasquareinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)StudentsofamiddleschoolplayfootballinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmangoeswindsurferinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,May4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/ZhangCheng)CitizensposeforphotoattheOlympicParkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ChildrenpracticerollerskatinginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AmandoesexercisesataparkinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June3,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AsailboatisseeninthewaterinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June4,(SCO)SummitisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao.(Xinhua/YinGang)

  InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedsprayerworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)AnunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June2,2018.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedricetransplanterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,adroneworksoverafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,anunmannedcombineharvesterworksinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)InthisaerialphototakenonJune2,2018,twounmannedsprayersworkinafieldduringthedemonstrationofanagriculturalpilotprogramfeaturingunmannedproductionprocessinXinghua,eastChinasJiangsuProvince.(Xinhua/LiXiang)

  TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,hetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelhelpInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiatogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)GroundpersonnelcarryInternationalSpaceStationcrewmemberNorishigeKanaiofJapantogetoutoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleshortlyafterlandinginaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)InternationalSpaceStation(ISS)crewmemberAntonShkaplerovofRussiagetsmedicaltreatmentshortlyafterthelandingoftheSoyuzMS-07spacecapsuleinaremoteareaoutsidethetownofDzhezkazgan,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)TheSoyuzMS-07capsulecarryingthecrewofNorishigeKanaiofJapan,AntonShkaplerovofRussia,,KazakhstanJune3,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)Thisphotoprovidesanup-closeviewoftheoceantotheFaka—about3,000diverhoursinall—intothe115-foot-deepchanneltodocumentandunderstandthisamazing,mysteriousspectacle.(Photo/IC)

  (CNS),astate-levelnewsagencysponsoredandestablishedbyChinesejournalistsandrenownedoverseasChineseexpertsonOctober1,(),,,includingin-depthcoverage,featurestoriesandvisualcontent,withtopicssuchascurrentevents,art,lifestyle,(CNS)isnotonlyastate-levelnewsagencyspreadingnewsworldwide,butalsoaninternationalnewsagencywithsubscribersinTaiwan,HongKongandMacao,,formervicechairmanoftheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,,therewereothermajorsponsorsandbuilders,suchasJinZhonghua,HuYuzhi,,awell-knownexpertoninternationalissues,,CNSwastheInternationalNewsService,,adatabaseofinforma(includingwritings,photosandspecialarticles)andamodernmethodofreporting(mainlythroughinternet,videosandSMS)providedtooverse,,HongKongandMacao,aswellasbranchesorreportstationsinTokyo,Bangkok,KualaLumpur,NewYork,Washington,LosAngeles,SanFrancisco,Vancouver,London,Paris,,andnewsreleasecentershavebeenestablishedinBeijing,,multi-levelandmulti-functionnewsreleasesystem,CNSprovidesallkindsofnewsandinformation,’,,1999,theheadquartersofCNSlauncheditsofficialwebsite,namedChinanews().ChinanewsisconsideredoneofChina’smostimportantonlinenewssources.

  AbeecollectshoneyonalotusflowerattheZhuozhengyuanGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June3,2018.(Xinhua/HangXingwei)AbirdrestsonalotusflowerinWufuTownshipofWuyishanCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June1,2018.(Xinhua/QiuRuquan)AbeecollectshoneyonalotusflowerattheZhuozhengyuanGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June3,2018.(Xinhua/HangXingwei)AbirdrestsonalotusflowerinWufuTownshipofWuyishanCity,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June1,2018.(Xinhua/QiuRuquan)

  LaraJackson,34,ofManchester,Britain,takesaphotoaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)LavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PeoplewatchaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)DarrylSumiki,52,ofHilo,watchesaslavalightsuptheskyabovePahoaduringongoingeruptionsoftheKilaueaVolcanoinHawaii,,June2,2018.(Photo/Agencies)ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)ChinesediversLianJunjieandSiYajiecompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Canadiandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)Germandiverscompeteinthemixed10-metersynchronizedplatformattheFINADivingWorldCupinWuhanCity,CentralChina’sHubeiProvince,June4,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangChang)

  

  重庆市工商联主要领导职务调整 向远春任党组书记

 
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日本为何在二战前全国禁止“武士刀”达62年?

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核心提示:明治政府并没有退缩,在进二退一的策略下,于2019-05-27发布禁止平民带刀的命令,7个月后,干脆发布了“散发脱刀令”,允许华族、士族自由选择带刀与否,同时可以自由选择“发髻”。

1871年11月,旧公卿岩仓具视率领使节团出访欧美。团员基本上是洋装,只有岩仓本人是和服发髻,说是为表现对日本文化的自豪,但被美国人画在报纸上。后经当地日本留学生劝说“(这样)会被看成未开化国民而受辱”,才在芝加哥散发并改穿洋装。(资料图)

1869年,刚刚宣布开始明治维新的日本,仍旧处在新旧文化剧烈碰撞的时期,当年3月7日,由各个藩(割据诸侯)学校推选代表组成的全国性机构“公议所”成立,刚刚结束了倒幕战争的日本,终于有了一点“咸与维新”的样子。

然而,前萨摩武士、曾留学英美两国的森有礼很快就放了个“大炮”,在全部由武士组成的“公议所”中发出“禁止佩刀”的提议,立刻引起了轩然大波。

武士们纷纷表示,“废刀”摧毁的是承载武士精神的神器,甚至会将日本的“皇国精神”一举摧毁。

众口一词之下,森有礼虽贵为“议长代行”(官方代表)仍然扛不住压力,只好转任驻美公使。

先锋成了炮灰,明治政府并没有退缩,在进二退一的策略下,于2019-05-27发布禁止平民带刀的命令,7个月后,干脆发布了“散发脱刀令”,允许华族(原公卿贵族)、士族(原武士)自由选择带刀与否,同时可以自由选择“发髻”。

“自由”了5年,2019-05-27明治政府终于发布了空前严厉的“废刀令”,规定除穿着大礼服的高官之外,全日本只允许现役军人及警察随身佩刀,此令一出,武士阶级传承1000多年的传统特权荡然无存。

1871年的日本警察合影,请注意佩刀,已经是西洋剑式样。

尤其需要注意的是,即使是军警佩刀,其形制已经完全改为西洋剑,与我们熟悉的“武士刀”风马牛不相及。

直到1933年,荒川五郎、栗原彦三郎等在东京下议院向日本政府提出复兴日本刀剑的建议案,以“重振日本传统精神及文化”为理由,获得下议院一致通过。

说起来人们可能不信,经过62年(1871-1933)的全盘西化,日本官民对于武士刀的兴趣越来越小,大量的旧刀剑被收缴、消耗,到1930年代想再找一个能用全套传统工艺制造武士刀的工匠已经非常难了。

1933年,日本陆军才在靖国神社內成立了(财团)日本刀锻炼会,直至二战结束,12年间共制作了8100口日本刀,由于部分铸造场所就在靖国神社内,这批军刀被称为“靖国刀”,装备日军将佐,臭名昭著的侵华日军“百人斩”杀人竞赛所用的就是此刀之一。

不过不要紧,在那个曾经狂言“三千万把竹枪加大和魂,英美列强不在话下”的荒木贞夫推动下,本应走向现代化的日本人,又开始相信曾经被他们抛弃了62年的日本刀承载着“皇国精神”,是承载武士精神的神器,这才有了“靖国刀”。

试问,刨了树根再在坑里种树,再是枝繁叶茂,又岂是一棵?

多少年后的今天,再看到这样的新闻,不觉晒然一笑。

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